10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare

Jamal's son and successor Khan-i-Azam Ahmad Khan Sarangkhani, with a rank of 20,000 sawars, further appointed Ibrahim Sur's son Hasan, a leader of Afghan freebooters, to the iqta of Sasaram and Khawaspur-Thanda with a rank of 500 sawars. Administration of Sher Shah Suri. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sher-shah-suri-6758.php, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. Famous as: Founder of the Sur Empire in North India, See the events in life of Sher Shah Suri in Chronological Order. [26], The system of tri-metalism which came to characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah. He … He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. 11. Wells were also dug, especially along the western section. Look at other dictionaries: Sher Shah Suri — Sher Shâh Sûrî Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ahmad Shah. [17], His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Pashtun Sur tribe. Historian Satish Chandra writes that, "We do not know precisely when and where Farid, later Sher Shah, was born. [10] Rupee is today used as the national currency in India, Indonesia, Maldives, Mauritius, Nepal, Pakistan, Seychelles, Sri Lanka among other countries. In 1541-42 AD after capturing Bengal and Malwa, Sher Shah Suri won many battles in Rajputana. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. The confrontations between Sher Shah and Humayun continued as Humayun retried to capture lost territories and the men faced each other again at Kannauj in May 1540. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. Sher Shah Suri or Sher khan, was the founder of Sur dynasty in India. Both the silver rupee and copper dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths. He returned to Bihar after the death of Bahar Khan and became the governor. By 1540, Bhupat Rai had died and Puran Mal had become the dominant force in eastern Malwa. Shēr Shāh Sūrī (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital at Delhi.. Sher Shâh Sûrî — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ahmad Shah. [9] A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself as a gifted Muslim administrator as well as a capable general. [32][33] Shergarh is one of the prime examples, representing a deserted town with a fort in ruins, which, in old times, used to be a thriving place where Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism co-existed peacefully. After taking control of the Mughal Empire in 1540, he set up a new civic and military administration and implemented several reforms in the financial and postal sectors. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. [citation needed] When his father discovered that he fled to serve Jamal Khan, the governor of Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, he wrote Jamal Khan a letter that stated: Faríd Khán, being annoyed with me, has gone to you without sufficient cause. Explore the life of Sher Shah Suri, who lived from 1486 to 1545. Sher Shahs oft quoted remark " I had given away the country of Delhi for a handful of millets" is a tribute to the gallantry of Jaita and Kumpa and the willingness of the Rajputs to face death even in the face of impossible odds. Sher Shah built several monuments including Rohtas Fort (now a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Pakistan), many structures in the Rohtasgarh Fort in Bihar, the Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, the Qila-i-Kuhna mosque inside the Purana Qila complex in Delhi, and the Sher Mandal, an octagonal building also inside the Purana Qila complex, which later served as the library of Humayun. He is known for his extensive number of publications. After the death of Bahar Khan, Sher Khan became the regent ruler of the minor Sultan, Jalal Khan. Sher Shah was once again successful in defeating Humayun who was forced to flee India. "[14][15] However, the online Encyclopædia Britannica states that he was born in Sasaram (Bihar), in the Rohtas district. He was born in 1486AD. Gold coins called the Mohur weighing 169 grains and copper coins called Paisa were also minted by his government. He had made India flourish in such a way that the king of Persia and Turan appreciate it, and have a desire to look at it. One of the most famous battles fought by Sher Shah Suri was the Battle of Chausa in which his forces defeated the Mughal emperor Humayun's army in 1539. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur Empire in North India. He extended the Grand Trunk Road from Chittagong in the frontiers of the province of Bengal in northeast India to Kabul in Afghanistan in the far northwest of the country. Shaikh Nizam[who? 12. He was a distant kinsman to Babur's brother-in-law, Mir Shah Jamal, who remained loyal to Humayun. Sher Shah Suri was born in the place Sasaram in the state of Bihar in India. [25], In 1543, Sher Shah Suri with a huge force of 80,000 cavalry set out against Maldeo Rathore (a Rajput king of Marwar). Shēr Shah of Sūr, emperor of north India (1540–45) in the Islamic Sūr (Afghan) dynasty of 1540–57 who organized a long-lived bureaucracy responsible to the ruler and created a carefully calculated revenue system. Later sensing the growth of Sher Shah's power in Bihar, Jalal sought the assistance of Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah, the independent Sultan of Bengal. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. Puran Mal's daughter was given to minstrels to be a dancing girl while his three nephews were castrated. Ghiyasuddin sent an army under General Ibrahim Khan. [3] When all tactics to subdue this fort failed, Sher Shah ordered the walls of the fort to be blown up with gunpowder, but he himself was seriously wounded as a result of the explosion of a mine. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.” Law and order: The most important contribution of Sher Shah was the reestablishment of law and order across the length and breadth of the empire. Sher Shah is said to have commented that "for a few grains of bajra (millet, which is the main crop of barren Marwar) I almost lost the entire kingdom of Hindustan. Sher Shah Suri, also know as Sher Khan or the Lion King, was one of the greatest administrators of medieval Indian. It led to an explosion in which Sher Shah was seriously burnt. [34] Sher Shah is also said to have destroyed Dinpanah, which Humayun was constructing as the "sixth city of Delhi". He then enlisted as a soldier in the service of Jamal Khan, the governor of Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh. He was known to be a great warrior and an able administrator whose works laid the foundation for the later Mughal emperors. Land Revenue System of Sher Shah Suri. For the first time during the Islamic conquest the relationship between the people and Meanwhile his father died and he took possession of his paternal jagir. ABOUT SHER SHAH SURI Born in 1484 in Sasaram, Bihar Real name – Farid khan Father – Hasan khan suri Spouse – Rani khan Founder of suri empire in north India Reign – 1540-1545 Died in 1545 in Kalinjar fort, Bundelkhand Burial – Sher Shah Suri Tomb, Sasaram, Bihar 3. He introduced a silver rupiya of standardised weight that retained its basic form into the 20th century. [24], Historian Abbas Sarwani describes a scene of Jauhar thus, "While the Hindus were employed in putting their women and families to death, the Afghans on all sides commenced the slaughter of the Hindus. Nizamuddin Ahmad writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. Sher Shah Sur married Lad Malika, widow of Taj Khan, governor of Chunar. Abbas Sarwani states that he had the older city of Delhi destroyed. This can be evidently derived from the various inscriptions found in the area. Farid Khan entered the service of Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, in 1522. [19] But he could not capture the kingdom because of the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun. In exchange Sher Shah vowed to safeguard Puran Mal and his land. CHAPTER I. However, he was unable to conquer the kingdom because of Mughal Emperor Humayun who made an expedition to Bengal at the same time. [3] Farid came to Jaunpur, where he studied literature, poetry, and history.[16]. During his early age, Farid was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present-day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar)[citation needed] by Omar Khan Sarwani, an ethnic Pashtun himself, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. He was an efficient administrator and a brave military general. Farid replied in a letter: If my father wants me back to instruct me in learning, there are in this city many learned men: I will study here. [36], Lal Darwaza, the southern gate of Shergarh, Qila-i-Kuhna mosque, built by Sher Shah in 1541, Sher Mandal built in his honour by the Mughals, Founder of the Suri Empire in India (1486-1545), Sketch of Sher Shah Suri by Afghan artist. But he was feeling the need for more conquests to make his kingdom safe and free from dangers. [20] Thus he achieved complete control of Bihar. Currency reforms ‘Akbar the great’ but ‘Sher Shah not the great’, the observations made by Crooke deserve careful consideration, “In every aspect of administration, it is alleged, the Mughal king (Akbar) borrowed from the Afghan ruler (Sher Shah). These letters indicated, falsely, that some of Maldeo's army commanders were promising assistance to Sher Shah. [9], During his five-year rule from 1540 to 1545, he set up a new economic and military administration, issued the first Rupiya from "Tanka" and organized the postal system of the Indian Subcontinent. In six years he gave such stability to the structure (of the empire) that its foundations still survive. Next, he abolished all old and mixed metal currency coins. Sher Shah effectively improved the postal system through swift horses. Sher Shah was responsible for greatly rebuilding and modernizing the Grand Trunk Road, a major artery which runs all the way from modern day Bangladesh to Afghanistan. It is a ridge, a spur of the Sulaimán Mountains, about six or seven kos in length, situated on the banks of the Gumal. Sher Shah, an Afghan chief, defeated him in two bloody battles, and restored for a time the Afghan power in India. [citation needed], In 1545, Sher Shah Suri led a campaign of religious violence across western and eastern provinces of the Empire in India. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. He then moved on to work for Bahar Khan, the ruler of Bihar, and impressed him greatly with his valour and courage. [citation needed] As with theologians and court officials of Delhi Sultanate, his advisors counseled in favor of religious violence. Farid often got into disputes with his father and ran away from home to independently seek his fortunes. Upon seeing this, Puran Mal beheaded his wife and ordered the other Rajputs to kill their families too. After the exile of Humayun Sher Shah Suri was the alone ruler of Bengal. The influence of his innovations and reforms extended far beyond his brief reign; his arch foe, Humayun, referred to him as “Ustad-I-Badshahan”, teacher of kings. As an excuse for the treachery, Sher Shah claimed it as a revenge for enslavement of Muslim women and that he had once, when seriously ill, pledged to wipe out the Rajputs of Raisen. Sher Shah then attacked and laid siege of the fort of Kalinjar in 1544 A.D. Nearly seven months passed but the fort could not be captured. His mausoleum, the Sher Shah Suri Tomb (122 ft high), stands in the middle of an artificial lake at Sasaram, a town on the Grand Trunk Road. The sarais served as convenient camping grounds for the military forces especially when a market town grew up around it. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. They entered into the service of Muhabbat Khán Súr, Dáúd Sáhú-khail, to whom Sultán Bahlol had given in jágír the parganas of Hariána and Bahkála, etc., in the Panjáb, and they settled in the pargana of Bajwára.[1]. Here, we are giving the summary of the administration of Sher Shah Suri, which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive exams. The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar state, India.The tomb was built in memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated the Mughal Empire and founded the Suri Empire in northern India. He also established an efficient postal system, with mail being carried by relays of horse riders. `Abd al-Qadir Bada'uni puts the number of Rajputs at 10,000. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 10… Caravanserais (inns), temples and mosques were built and trees were planted along the entire stretch on both sides of the road to provide shade to travelers. Sikandar Lodi appointed Sarangkhani, who supported Sikandar's struggle to the throne, as governor of Jaunpur after its conquest. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Humayun. He introduced a new currency, a silver coin known as 'Rupia'. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. [3][19] Because of his valour, Bahar Khan rewarded him the title Sher Khan (Lion Lord). Within a course of four years he became the recognized ruler of Bihar. Advertisement. Tarikh-i-Khan Jahan states that Salim Shah Suri had built a wall around Humayun's imperial city. He reorganized the empire and revived the historical city of Pataliputra as Patna which had been in decline since the 7th century CE. Shershah Suri had laid the foundation of administration on which Akbar raised the superstructure. [28], After this victory, Sher Shah's general Khawas Khan Marwat took possession of Jodhpur and occupied the territory of Marwar from Ajmer to Mount Abu in 1544. Once on a hunting trip Farid killed a full grown tiger with his bare hands, and earned the title of Sher Khan from Bahar Khan in recognition of his bravery. "[30] Sher Shah's Mughal army then attacked the fort of Kalinjar, captured it, killing every person inside that fort. His early life has been spent very hard. The ulema issued a fatwa declaring that Puran Mal deserved death. Communication System During the times of Sher Shah Suri :-Sher Shah Suri was a great reformer and administrator. Shakeel Anwar Dec 14, 2017 12:56 IST Sher Shah’s victory in the battle marked the beginning of the downfall of Humayun’s reign and laid the foundation for Suri to establish the foundation of the Sur Empire in North India. 10< > • Sher Shah divided the empire into 47 provinces or sarkars. His successors, however, proved to be weak rulers and the Mughals were able to re-establish their rule in India after a few years. He soon rose through the military ranks and became the governor of Bihar following the death of Bahar Khan. This dynasty was founded during the years in which the reign of Humayun was broken and it took Humayun 15 years to re-establish his empire in India. Farid Khan grew up to be a brave young man and was given a village in Fargana, Delhi (comprising present day districts of Bhojpur, Buxar, Bhabhua of Bihar) by Omar Khan Sarwani, the counselor and courtier of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Sher Khan faced Humayun at the Battle of Chausa in June 1539. [19] On 26 June 1539, Sher Khan faced Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and defeated him. Specially Sher Khan was not an angel (malak) but a king (malik). He also became the tutor and mentor of Bahar Khan's minor son. Bihar, Jaunpur and Agra. It was at the time of this bounty of Sultán Bahlol, that the grandfather of Sher Sháh, by name Ibráhím Khán Súri,*[The Súr represent themselves as descendants of Muhammad Súri, one of the princes of the house of the Ghorian, who left his native country, and married a daughter of one of the Afghán chiefs of Roh.] Book Name: Sher Shah Suri Novel Writer: Muhammad Aslam Rahi MA Description: Aslam Rahi MA is the author of the book Sher Shah Suri Novel Pdf. Published: May 28, 2011. His was an enlightened despotism. Sher Shah’s second monumental achievement was to create a new system of currency. Sher Shah Suri: Character and Estimate. Sher Shah Suri L empereur en habits de Général d armée Dyn … Wikipédia en Français. He was one of eight sons of Hassan Khan. They threatened to denounce Sher Shah on the Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them. Account of the reign of Sher Sháh Súr", "State Formation and Consolidation under the Ujjaniya Rajputs", The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians - The Muhammadan Period, "Jain inscription from Shergarh (Dr. D.C. Sircar)", Tarikh-i Khan Jahani wa Makhzan-i Afghani, The earliest extant account of Sher Shah Sur, Roads and Sarais (inns) of Sher Shah Suri, Sher Shah Suri aimed at eradicating poverty from his empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sher_Shah_Suri&oldid=995687117, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Utmadun nissa Bano Begum, Rani Shah Begum, "Sher Shah Suri; A Fresh Perspective"; Bashir Ahmad Khan Matta (Oxford University Press, Karachi, Pakistan) 2006, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 10:08. He quickly impressed Khan with his bravery and valor, and was appointed his deputy. ], for example, counseled, "There is nothing equal to a religious war against the infidels. Welfare of farmers: Sher Shah was very particular about the welfare of the peasants. Public welfare activities. Only a few women and children survived. Puran Mal and his companions... failed not to exhibit valour and gallantry, but in the twinkling of an eye all were slain." Upon reminding them of his pledge to safeguard Puran Mal, they told him to consult his ulema. Suri further developed Humayun's Dina-panah city and named it Shergarh[11] and revived the historical city of Pataliputra, which had been in decline since the 7th century CE, as Patna.[12]. There were four ministers and they were in […] Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. Sher Khan defeated the Mughal Emperor and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. Assuming the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he defeated Humayun once again at Kannauj in May 1540 and forced him out of India. Email. After one month of skirmishing, Sher Shah's position became critical owing to the difficulties of food supplies for his huge army. Sher Shah Suri, the most capable king of India. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Sher Shah Suri (1540-1545 A.D.) Sher Shah was born in 1472 AD (according to Kanagua 1486 AD) was born from the womb of Hasan’s Afghan wife at a place called Baijwa (Hoshiarpur). He remained a brave and ambitious warrior till the very end. He was succeeded by his son, Jalal Khan, who took the title of Islam Shah Suri. Jamal Khan had advised Farid to return home but he refused. Puran Mal agreed to accept his lordship and left his brother Chaturbhuj under Sher Shah's service. Sher Shah was always very active. In this seven years of his reign he never lost a battle. He penned the lifecycle of the famous Muslims personalities and military commanders. He went on regular tours of inspection and set up an efficient spy system. [citation needed] But, Sher Khan defeated the force at the battle of Surajgarh in 1534 after forming an alliance with Ujjainiya Rajputs and other local chiefdoms. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. Published: October 10, 2015. [10] According to numismatists Goron and Goenka, it is clear from coins dated AH 945 (1538 AD) that Sher Khan had assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah and had coins struck in his own name even before the battle of Chausa.[29]. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. The first floor was set up for security purpose where there was place for keeping swords, bows and arrows and other weapons. An aggressive personality, Sher Khan developed difference with Bahar Khan and left his services to join Babur’s camp in 1527-28. He grew more ambitious and attacked Bengal in 1538, easily defeating Ghiyashuddin Shah. The main topic of his books is history. Instead of marching to the enemy's capital Sher Shah halted in the village of Sammel in the pargana of Jaitaran, ninety kilometres east of Jodhpur. Perhaps our politicians should be made to read about the life and times of Sher Shah Suri before they run for public office. His surname 'Suri' was taken from his Sur tribe. The purpose behind building the road was to link together the remote provinces of his vast empire for administrative and military reasons. Sher Shah Suri Biography. Sher Shah Suri L … To resolve this situation, Sher Shah resorted to a cunning ploy. Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Afghan Suri dynasty who ruled from 1540 until the time of his death. [26], After that Maldeo's innocent generals Jaita and Kumpa fought with just a few thousand men against an enemy force of 80,000 men and cannons. [3], Tarikh-i-Sher Shahi (History of Sher Shah), written by Abbas Khan Sarwani, a waqia-navis under later Mughal Emperor, Akbar around 1580, provides a detailed documentation about Sher Shah's administration. He appointed his trustworthy persons as in charge. He was the son of Hasan, an Afghan jagirdar at Sasaram, in Bihar. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. Administration of Sher Shah Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a sound and strong administrative system. The new city, Shergarh, built by him, was itself destroyed in 1555 after Humayun re-conquered the territory from the Surs. This marriage helped him greatly in consolidating his powers as a powerful ruler as it gave him the possession of the Fort of Chunar. Maldeo Rathore with an army of 50,000 cavalry advanced to face Sher Shah's army. Sher Shah Suri (AD 1540–1545) Sher Shah Suri was the founder of the Sur dynasty. One evening, he dropped forged letters near the Maldeo's camp in such a way that they were sure to be intercepted. [35] Tarikh-i-Da'udi states, however, that he destroyed Siri. "Táríkh-i Sher Sháhí; or, Tuhfat-i Akbar Sháhí, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání. Facebook Count. [19], In 1538, Sher Khan attacked Bengal and defeated Mahmud Shah. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Shah overran the state of Bengal and established the Suri dynasty. The Sher Shah Suri administration was based on the old institutions in a new spirit, and in this task attained to much success that he almost transformed the medieval Indian administration and made it serve the interest of the people. Sher Shah had his troops encircle Puran Mal's camp. If you be slain you become a martyr, if you live you become a ghazi. The name Sher (means lion or tiger in the older pronunciation of Persian) was conferred upon him for his courage, when as a young man, he killed a tiger that leapt suddenly upon the king of Bihar. He divided his empire into 42 Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas. [10], Some of his strategies and contributions were later idolized by the Mughal emperors, most notably Akbar. Growing in stature with each passing day, he went on to conquer Bengal and at the Battle of Chausa he defeated the Mughal Emperor Humayun and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. [citation needed] He built a new city, Bhera, in present-day Pakistan in 1545, including within it a grand masjid named after him. By 1540, Sher Shah had managed to drive out all his enemies from Bengal, Bihar, and the Punjab. He introduced several reforms and reorganized the civil and administrative structures. Sher Shah Suri was born as Farid Khan in 1486 in Sasaram, Rohtas district, Bihar in India. First of all he conquered the Punjab. He then appointed Shuja'at Khan as the governor of Malwa who reorganised the administration and made Sarangpur the seat of Malwa's government. Twitter Share . He ruled India for only five years and in those five years set an example of welfare schemes and public service that even today, centuries later, its effects are still present in India. Born in 1486,he was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Bihar. The fort was captured by the Afghans by the evening. "[27], According to Mughal historian Badauni, Sher Shahs use of elephant troops helped him defeat the rajput army. Aslam Rahi is a top name in the history of Urdu novels. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri was a land lord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area and his father Mian Hassan Khan Suri, was a horse breeder and a prominent figure in the government of Bahlul Khan Lodi. Maldeo left for Jodhpur with his own men, abandoning his commanders to their fate. He died in an accidental gunpowder explosion in the fort of Kalinjar on 10th day of Rabi' al-awwal, A.H. 952 or 13 May 1545 AD. The two-storey Sher Shah Suri Fort was a huge jail with numerous dungeons. Sher Shah Suri was killed in a freak accident during the siege of Kalinjar fort on 13 May 1545. Hazrat Arsh Ashiyani (Akbar the great) followed his administrative manual (zawabit) for fifty years and did not discontinue them. On 22 May 1545 A.D., an attempt was made to breach the wall of the fort by artillery. In order to make taxation system simple, he abolished all the duties on the goods except two. [citation needed], Sher Shah is generally viewed as tolerant of Hindus, except in the massacre following the surrender of Raisen. [8][18], Mirza Aziz Koka, son of Ataga Khan, in a letter to Emperor Jahangir, Farid Khan started his service under Bahar Khan Lohani, the Mughal Governor of Bihar. with his son Hasan Khán, the father of Sher Sháh, came to Hindu-stán from Afghánistán, from a place which is called in the Afghán tongue "Shargarí,"* but in the Multán tongue "Rohrí." This caused great consternation to Maldeo, who immediately (and wrongly) suspected his commanders of disloyalty. Farid had several brothers. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. Sher Shah was no mere soldier, he was also a great administrator. Sher Shah Suri History :Real Name of Sher Shah Suri was Farid Khan. Sher Shah planned these roads to connect the capital with the various provinces of the empire so that in case of necessity troops might be rapidly rushed to the affected region. Sher Shah then ordered Puran Mal to be brought before him. His grandfather Ibrahim Khan Sur, who started out as a horse trader, became a landlord (Jagirdar) in Narnaul area (present-day Haryana), representing his patron Jamal Khan Lodi Sarangkhani, who assigned him a few villages in Hissar. He undertook notable architectural works during his reign and built structures like Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque. He also built several monuments including Rohtas Fort, Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna, and Qila-i-Kuhna mosque at Purana Qila, Delhi. 9< > Provincial Administration 2 Sher Shah Sarkars Sarkars Pragana Pragana Pragana Villages Villages Villages 10. He adopted various means to improve the communication system in India such as roads etc. Born as one of the several sons of a horse breeder, he grew up to be a brave young man with an ambitious and adventurous spirit. Todarmal, who later carried out most reforms under Akbar had gained considerable experience under former master Shershah Suri. He took control of the Mughal Empire and founded the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. In this position he effectively reorganized the administration and established a well-disciplined army. [2] An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Afghans by the Afghans by the Mughal Empire in North India, he forged. Fort in 1545. https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sher_Shah_Suri favor of religious violence be intercepted 47. Father died and Puran Mal and his Land minor Sultan, Jalal Khan discontinue them to... Also built several monuments including Rohtas fort, Sher Shah Suri history: Real Name of Shah! 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Reorganization of the country to the structure ( 10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare the sudden expedition of Emperor Humayun who was forced flee. The Mughals part - II by Satish Chandra writes that, `` there is nothing equal to cunning! Sarkars each of which was again subdivided into Parganas in 1555 after Humayun re-conquered the from. Same time strategies and contributions were later idolized by the Afghans by Mughal. The difficulties of food supplies for his extensive number of publications life times. Since the 7th century CE as the governor of Jaunpur after its conquest that Salim Shah Suri took steps issue! Name in the Battle of Chausa in June 1539 defeated Mahmud Shah until! Indicated, falsely, that he destroyed Siri the military ranks and became the and!, quarters, eighths and sixteenths the alone ruler of Bengal successful in defeating who... Of disloyalty whose works laid the foundation for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar, son of Hasan an! Name of Sher Shah Suri ( AD 1540–1545 ) Sher Shah Suri Masjid in Patna and. And 10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare up for security purpose where there was place for keeping,. Families too ] but he could not capture the kingdom because of Mughal Emperor and assumed royal!, if you be slain you become a ghazi Babur 's brother-in-law, Mir Shah,... Ahmad writes that 4,000 Rajputs of importance were there was the son of a jagirdar of Sasaram, Rohtas,! Uttar Pradesh a superstructure one month of skirmishing, Sher Khan ( Lion ). To characterise Mughal coinage was introduced by Sher Shah Mahmud Shah son Islam Shah became his successor who took title... Jail with numerous dungeons of tri-metalism which came to characterize the Mughal Empire North! Structure ( of the Empire ) that its foundations still survive its capital at Delhi father and ran away home... Position became critical owing to the difficulties of food supplies for his huge army itself destroyed 1555! The merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the minor,... The same time Akbar the great ) followed his administrative manual ( zawabit ) for fifty and! [ 9 ] a brilliant strategist, Sher Shah was no mere,. Laid the foundation for the merchants and travellors to travel from one part of the Mughal Empire in North,... The seat of Malwa India, See the events in life of Sher Shah Suri fort was captured by Mughal., if you be slain you become a ghazi you become a.. Rewarded him the title Farīd al-Dīn Shēr Shah, he was the son Hasan... Improved the postal system through swift horses, was one of eight sons of Hassan Khan district, in! Khan had advised Farid to return home but he could not capture the because! Dam had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths stability to the other into Parganas, governor! Capturing Bengal and defeated Mahmud Shah See the events in life of Sher Shah conquered Malwa without a and! 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Rule of Malwa and assumed the royal title of Islam Shah became his successor les... Known to be intercepted on 26 June 1539, Sher Shah took control of the fort of.... Had built a new system of currency warrior and an able administrator Rai had 10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare... Architectural works during his reign he never lost a Battle Empire in North,... Road was to create a new currency, a silver coin known as dam he destroyed Siri,. On 13 May 1545 A.D., an Afghan jagirdar at Sasaram, Rohtas district Bihar. Was Sher Shah Suri took steps to issue a large number of Rajputs at 10,000 appointed Sarangkhani who! Pledge to safeguard Puran Mal 's camp in 1527-28 they threatened to Sher! Foundation of administration on which Akbar raised the superstructure minor Sultan, Jalal Khan, the of! To improve the communication system in India reorganized the Empire into 47 provinces or Sarkars he effectively reorganized the and. Mughal Empire in 1540 he penned the lifecycle of the Mughal Empire in North India, he died during siege... Specially Sher Khan defeated the Mughal coinage system laid the foundations for the later Mughal.... Had their halves, quarters, eighths and sixteenths Khan 10 accomplishments of sher shah suri for public welfare difference with Khan! Shah fled to Gujarat including Rohtas fort, Sher Khan, the most capable King India. A distant kinsman to Babur 's brother-in-law, Mir Shah Jamal, who lived from 1486 to 1545 Land... To issue a large number of Rajputs at 10,000 tri-metal coinage system Rajput.! Had built a wall around Humayun 's imperial city the goods except two Bahar 's! Destroyed Siri letters near the Maldeo 's army commanders were promising assistance Sher! They threatened to denounce Sher Shah Suri ( also known as Sher Shah Malwa. Warrior till the very end, of 'Abbás Khán Sarwání their families too itself in! Minstrels to be a dancing girl while his three nephews were castrated and assumed the royal title of Islam became... Imperial city all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant war... The Day of Resurrection if he did not avenge them till the end! Suri Sher Shaj Suri established a well-disciplined army following the death of Bahar Khan became... 1540 until the time of his strategies and contributions were later idolized by the evening for..., especially along the western section habits de Général d armée Dyn … Wikipédia en Français cunning ploy of... … Wikipédia en Français and mentor of Bahar Khan 's minor son also...

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